Alcohol Consumption among Chinese in the United States | The American Experience with Alcohol
Stanley SueHarry H. L. KitanoHerb HatanakaWai-Tsang Yeung
According to the 1980 census, the Chinese, with a population of 806,027, are the largest Asian minority in the United States. The rapid growth in the Chinese population is primarily a result of more recent waves of immigration from Hong Kong, Taiwan, the Peoples’ Republic of China, and Southeast Asia. These new arrivals have increased the heterogeneity of the Chinese population. In addition to the demographic, social, psychological, and geographic differences among those residing in the United States, we thus have Chinese immigrants from many different parts of Asia. The heterogeneity makes any simple generalization about the Chinese tenuous, yet there is a general notion that in terms of alcohol consumption, they are a non-drinking group. For example, Cahalan (1978) reports that there are several cultural groups within the United States with a consistent record of moderation in the use of alcohol—particularly the Jews and Chinese. ... We should study these groups to determine exactly how they manage to maintain their record of moderation even when immersed in a heavy-drinking society. (p. 24)
Japanese-American Drinking Patterns | The American Experience with Alcohol
Harry H. L. KitanoHerb HatanakaWai-Tsang YeungStanley Sue
There is a common belief that the Japanese, as well as most other Asian groups in the United States, do not drink as much as their American and European counterparts and are therefore relatively immune to problems associated with alcohol. The existence of a strong family system reinforcing a moderate drinking style is cited as one factor behind the low rates of alcohol problems, and a physiological reaction to alcohol, known as the “Oriental flushing reflex,” is thought to be another important variable. Research evidence to validate these and other impressions is scarce, but the observation that Japanese-Americans do not appear in any significant numbers at alcohol treatment programs or that there are so few visible Japanese drunks is often cited as supportive evidence.
Treating Asian Americans in Los Angeles | Psychiatry The State of the Art
Joe YamamotoJoselyn YapJohn HatakeyamaHerbert HatanakaKathy HiraideLane Wong
Past studies showed that the referral source for Asian outpatients was much more often referrals by police and others and post-hospitalization, 87%. Only 13% were self-referred. Other Americans were more often self-referred or family referred, 52%, and were referred by others in only 48% of the cases (Lam et al 1980). It has been shown that most of the patients seen do not speak English adequately (Lo et al 1981). This is not surprising since the Clinic was set up to be multilingual, multicultural to meet the needs of the patients who do not speak English. Of special interest is prior hospitalization, as many as 1/3 of our patients have been hospitalized previously.
Asian-American Interracial Marriage | Journal of Marriage and Family
Harry H. L. Kitano, Wai-Tsang Yeung, Lynn Chai and Herbert Hatanaka
This paper presents data on the rates of in- and outmarriage for the Chinese, Japanese, and Koreans in Los Angeles and Hawaii. In 1979 in Los Angeles, the Japanese rates of outmarriages were the highest (60.6%), followed by the Chinese (41.2%) and the Korean (27.6%). The figures were reversed for Hawaii in 1980, with the Korean rates of outmarriage the highest (83%), followed by the Chinese (76%), then the Japanese (59%). Moreover, females of all three groups outmarried at a higher rate than males. A social-psychological model based on the ethnic group and its interaction with the dominant community was developed. Variables to be considered included historical factors, the family, the community, personal factors, and the receptivity of the dominant community.